British Aerospace Sea Harrier FRS.Mk.1

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  1. Harrier Jump Jet - Wikipedia
  2. Shop by category
  3. British Aerospace Sea Harrier
  4. by BRITISH AEROSPACE

A number of factors contributed to the failure of the Argentinian fighters to shoot down a Sea Harrier. The British pilots had superior air-combat training, one manifestation of which was that they thought they noticed Argentinian pilots occasionally releasing weapons outside of their operating parameters. This is now thought to have been Mirages releasing external fuel tanks rather than weapons, and turning away from conflict with the Sea Harrier.

This later reduced their capability to fight an effective campaign against the Sea Harrier due to reduced range and lack of external fuel tanks. British aircraft received fighter control from warships in San Carlos Water, although its effectiveness was limited by their being stationed close to the islands, which severely limited the effectiveness of their radar. The differences in tactics and training between Squadron and Squadron has been a point of criticism, suggesting that the losses of several ships were preventable had Sea Harriers from Hermes been used more effectively. Argentine aircraft were forced to operate from the mainland because airfields on the Falklands were only suited for propellor-driven transports.

As most Argentine aircraft lacked in-flight refuelling capability, they were forced to operate at the limit of their range.


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The Sea Harriers also had limited fuel reserves due to the tactical decision to station the British carriers out of Exocet missile range and the dispersal of the fleet. The result was that an Argentine aircraft could only allow five minutes over the islands to search and attack an objective, while a Sea Harrier could stay near to 30 minutes waiting in the Argentine approach corridors and provide Combat Air Patrol coverage for up to an hour. They had to operate without a fleet early warning system such as AWACS that would have been available to a full NATO fleet in which the Royal Navy had expected to operate, which was a significant weakness in the operational environment.

However, it is now known that British units based in Chile did provide early radar warning to the Task Force. A total of six Sea Harriers were lost during the war to either enemy fire, accidents, or mechanical failure. The total aggregate loss rate for both the Harriers and Sea Harriers on strike operations was 2. Harrier FRS. The Sea Harrier saw action in war again when it was deployed in the — conflict in Bosnia, part of the Yugoslav Wars. It launched raids on Serb forces and provided air-support for the international taskforce units conducting Operations Deny Flight and Deliberate Force against the Army of Republika Srpska.

The pilot, Lieutenant Nick Richardson, ejected and landed in territory controlled by friendly Bosnian Muslims. They were also deployed to Sierra Leone on board HMS Illustrious in , which was itself part of a Royal Navy convoy to supply and reinforce British intervention forces in the region. The Sea Harrier was withdrawn from service in and the last remaining aircraft from Naval Air Squadron were decommissioned on 29th March The plans for retirement were announced in by the Ministry of Defence. The decision to retire the Sea Harrier early has been criticised by some officers within the military.

The option to install higher-rated Pegasus engines would not have been as straightforward as on the Harrier GR7 upgrade and would have likely been an expensive and slow process. Furthermore, the Sea Harriers were subject to a generally more hostile environment than land-based Harriers, with corrosive salt spray a particular problem. Harrier GR7 and the upgraded Harrier GR9 were transferred to Royal Navy squadrons in , but were retired prematurely a few years later due to budget cuts.

Navy during Malabar Ten more Sea Harriers were purchased in November ; eventually a total of 30 Harriers were procured, 25 for operational use and the remainder as dual-seat trainer aircraft. Until the s, significant portions of pilot training was carried out in Britain due to limited aircraft availability.

Harrier Jump Jet - Wikipedia

Sea Harrier FRS The Sea Harrier allowed several modern missiles to be introduced into naval operations, such as the British anti-ship Sea Eagle missile, and the French Matra Magic missile for air-to-air combat. Other ordnance has included 68 mm rockets, runway-denial bombs, cluster bombs, and podded 30 mm cannons. There have been a significant number of accidents involving the Sea Harrier; this accident rate has caused approximately half the fleet to be lost with only 11 fighters remaining in service.

Following a crash in August , all Sea Harriers were temporarily grounded for inspection. Since the beginning of operational service in the Indian Navy, seven pilots have died in 17 crashes involving the Sea Harrier, usually during routine sorties. By October , reports emerged that the deal had not materialised due to the cost of airframe refurbishment. Sea Harrier T Mk. This will enable the Sea Harrier to remain in Indian service until beyond , and also see limited service off the new carriers it will acquire by that time frame. India plans to introduce larger aircraft carriers that can operate Russian MiGK carrier fighters from their flight decks to replace the Sea Harrier.

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A number of factors contributed to the failure of the Argentinian fighters to shoot down a Sea Harrier. This is now thought to have been Mirages releasing external fuel tanks rather than weapons, and turning away from conflict with the Sea Harrier. This later reduced their capability to fight an effective campaign against the Sea Harrier due to reduced range and lack of external fuel tanks.

British aircraft received fighter control from warships in San Carlos Water, although its effectiveness was limited by their being stationed close to the islands, which severely limited the effectiveness of their radar. Both sides' aircraft were operating in adverse conditions. Argentine aircraft were forced to operate from the mainland because airfields on the Falklands were only suited for propellor-driven transports. They had to operate without a fleet early warning system such as AWACS that would have been available to a full NATO fleet in which the Royal Navy had expected to operate, which was a significant weakness in the operational environment.

The Sea Harrier saw action in war again when it was deployed in the — conflict in Bosnia, part of the Yugoslav Wars. The Sea Harrier was withdrawn from service in and the last remaining aircraft from Naval Air Squadron were decommissioned on 29 March The aircraft's replacement, the F Lightning II , [63] was originally due in , the MoD arguing that significant expenditure would be required to upgrade the fleet for only six years of service.

Both versions of Harrier experienced reduced engine performance Pegasus Mk in FA2 — Mk in GR7 in the higher ambient temperatures of the Middle East, which restricted the weight of payload that the Harrier could return to the carrier in 'vertical' recoveries. The option to install higher-rated Pegasus engines would not have been as straightforward as on the Harrier GR7 upgrade and would have likely been an expensive and slow process. There have been a significant number of accidents involving the Sea Harrier; this accident rate has caused approximately half the fleet to be lost with only 11 fighters remaining in service.

British Aerospace Sea Harrier

Following a crash in August , all Sea Harriers were temporarily grounded for inspection. By , crashes had reduced India's fleet to 12 out of original Data from Wilson, [] Bull, [] Donald [] Spick []. The Harrier's unique characteristics have led to it being featured a number of films and video games. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Jump to: navigation , search.

Hasegawa 1/72 BAe Sea Harrier FRS Mk.1

Main articles: Invincible class aircraft carrier and Hawker Siddeley Harrier. I counted them all out, and I counted them all back.

Main article: List of Harrier variants. Main article: List of Harrier operators. Main article: Harrier Jump Jet in fiction. Retrieved 26 April Buenos Aires Herald. Retrieved 4 January Royal Navy. Retrieved 16 January Los Angeles Times. United Press International. Retrieved 2 January John E. Warships of the Royal Navy. US Centiennal of Flight Commission. Tri City Herald. Janes Defense Weekly. The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 January Retrieved 31 December Jane's Avionics. Glasgow Herald. Retrieved 21 April Archived from the original on 15 August Sarasota Herald-Tribune.

Air-Scene UK. Retrieved 1 August No-one used viffing in combat - it's very much a last-ditch manoeuvre. It can be useful if the guy behind hasn't seen it before and doesn't know what you're going to do. You can decelerate from knots down to in about three or four seconds, and that is enough to fly people out in front - however, if he sees it coming, all he has to do is go vertical and just sit around on top of you. You end up with no energy at all and he's got all the time in the world to take you out.

Northern Echo. Toledo Blade. Kingman Daily Miner. Miami News. St Louis Post-Dispatch.

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Milkwaukee Sentinel. NATO aircraft are still particularly vulnerable to attack from certain forms of guided missiles". HighBeam Research subscription required. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Sends More Planes to Balkans". Birmingham Post. New Straits Times. Stars and Stripes. BBC News. Copenhagen Post. Daily Mail.

Archived from the original on 29 November Retrieved 24 April Financial Times.