Life of Muhammad
Muhammad is almost universally considered by Muslims as the last prophet sent by God to mankind. While non-Muslims regard Muhammad as the founder of Islam, Muslims consider him to have restored the unaltered original monotheistic faith of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.
His father, Abdullah, died almost six months before Muhammad was born. According to Islamic tradition, Muhammad was sent to live with a Bedouin family in the desert, as desert life was considered healthier for infants.
Muhammad stayed with his foster mother, Halimah bint Abi Dhuayb, and her husband until he was two years old. At the age of six, Muhammad lost his biological mother, Amina, to illness and was raised by his paternal grandfather, Abd al-Muttalib, until he died when Muhammad was eight. He then came under the care of his uncle Abu Talib, the new leader of Banu Hashim. While still in his teens, Muhammad accompanied his uncle on trading journeys to Syria, gaining experience in commercial trade, which was the only career open to him as an orphan.
Little is known of Muhammad during his later youth; available information is fragmented, and it is difficult to separate history from legend. Muhammad worked as a trader for Khadija, a widow, until he married her in CE at the age of The marriage lasted for 25 years and was reported to be a happy one. Muhammad relied upon Khadija and did not enter into a marriage with another woman during his first marriage.
Muhammad is said to have asked for arrangements to marry both. According to a text collected by historian Ibn Ishaq, Muhammad was involved with a well-known story about setting the Black Stone in place in the wall of the Kaaba in CE. The Black Stone, a sacred object, had been removed to facilitate renovations to the Kaaba. The leaders of Mecca could not agree on which clan should have the honor of setting the Black Stone back in its place.
Permission has been given to those who are being fought, because they were wronged. And indeed, Allah is competent to give them victory. Those who have been evicted from their homes without right—only because they say, "Our Lord is Allah.
And Allah will surely support those who support Him. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might. Main article: Battle of Uhud. Main article: Battle of the Trench.
The Life of Muhammad, BBC Two: why Islam forbids images of its prophet
Main article: Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. They have agreed to allow their arms to rest for ten years. During this time each party shall be secure, and neither shall injure the other; no secret damage shall be inflicted, but honesty and honour shall prevail between them. Whoever in Arabia wishes to enter into a treaty or covenant with Muhammad can do so, and whoever wishes to enter into a treaty or covenant with the Quraysh can do so.
And if a Qurayshite comes without the permission of his guardian to Muhammad, he shall be delivered up to the Quraysh; but if, on the other hand, one of Muhammad's people comes to the Quraysh, he shall not be delivered up to Muhammad. This year, Muhammad, with his companions, must withdraw from Mecca, but next year, he may come to Mecca and remain for three days, yet without their weapons except those of a traveller; the swords remaining in their sheaths.
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Main articles: Conquest of Mecca and Muhammad after the conquest of Mecca. Main articles: Battle of Hunayn and Expedition to Tabouk. Main article: Farewell Pilgrimage.
Islam Guide: The Simple Life of Muhammad (Mohammed)
See also: The event of Ghadir Khumm. Further information: Succession to Muhammad , Rashidun , and Muslim conquests. Main article: Early social changes under Islam. Further information: Muhammad's wives and Ahl al-Bayt. Jews Christians. Durood Naat Mawlid.
Timeline of the Prophet's Life After the Call to Prophethood
Mosque of the prophet Possessions Relics. Main article: Muhammad in Islam. Main article: Depictions of Muhammad. See also: Medieval Christian views on Muhammad.
Main article: Criticism of Muhammad. Biography portal Islam portal. See: Simon Ross Valentine Columbia University Press. Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Archived from the original on 24 July United Submitters International consider Rashad Khalifa to be a prophet.
Guillaume p. Brockopp, p. Sura LIII, 1—20 and the end of the sura are not a unity, as is claimed by the story, XXII, 52 is later than LIII, and is almost certainly Medinan; and several details of the story—the mosque, the sadjda, and others not mentioned in the short summary above do not belong to Meccan setting. Caetani and J. Burton have argued against the historicity of the story on other grounds, Caetani on the basis of week isnads, Burton concluded that the story was invented by jurists so that XXII 52 could serve as a Kuranic proof-text for their abrogation theories.
Many earlier primarily non-Islamic traditions refer to him as still alive at the time of the invasion of Palestine. See Stephen J. Welch, Ahmad S. Moussalli, Gordon D.
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Newby In John L. Esposito ed. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 11 February The Prophet of Islam was a religious, political, and social reformer who gave rise to one of the great civilizations of the world. Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians. Princeton University Press. Islam: The Straight Path 3rd ed. Oxford University Press.
Retrieved 18 October Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. Archived from the original on 21 January Sherrard Beaumont Burnaby Elements of the Jewish and Muhammadan calendars: with rules and tables and explanatory notes on the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Hamidullah, Muhammad February Archived from the original PDF on 5 November Knights Templar. UK Islamic Academy.
Prophet Muhammad (570-632)
Retrieved 25 July Archived from the original on 5 December A second important aspect of the meaning of the term emerges in Meccan revelations concerning the practice of the Prophet Abraham. Peters , p. Encyclopaedia of Islam. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. Archived from the original on 5 May Retrieved 24 September Tauris Publishers. In search of Muhammad. Continuum International Publishing Group.